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Case Studies


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The Effects of Diffusing Ozone, Oxygen & Carbon Dioxide In To Golf Course Irrigation Water - This is a paper written about what effects diffusing Ozone, Oxygen & Carbon Dioxide have on golf course irrigation water, and, in-turn, a course’s soil.

Phoenix Area Golf Course Soil Percolation and Sodium Level Study - Case Study was conducted by and Agronomist out of Tuscan. It shows among other things a dramatic increase in soil percolation and a dramatic decrease in soil sodium levels.

EPA Ozone Fact Sheet - This reading is an EPA Wastewater Technology Fact Sheet on Ozone Disinfection. Simply put, this explains why, “Ozone is a more effective than chlorine in destroying viruses and bacteria” (Wastewater Technology factsheet, EPA). With no bacteria, algae cannot exist.

Increased Percolation & Bacteria Elimination Golf Course Study - This is a study done at a golf course over a time period of 111 days. It shows how treating irrigation water increased percolation, eliminated bacteria/algae, and enhanced the course’s turf grass.

University Study on pH Control in Irrigation Water Using CO2  - This is a University study that is sponsored by The International Society for Horticultural Science, showing how diffusing CO2 gas into irrigation water will lower both soil and water pH.

University Study on The Effects of Ozonated Irrigation Water on Soil Physical and Chemical Properties - The study was conducted by the University of California Riverside. It shows among other things that ozone increases the saturated hydraulic conductivity and decreases clay dispersion in soil. Both of which increases percolation.

University of Guelph Root Zone Study - This case study was done using oxygen diffusion and shows a massive increase in root growth.

Flocculation Paper - This study is a compellation of numerous studies about how ozone gas causes flocculation of elements. When flocculation is achieved it causes increased percolation in soil and intense leeching capability.

 Wastewater Disinfection Using Ozone The study was done to determine the effectiveness of ozone as a disinfectant against microorganisms in wastewaters that have developed high resistance to common disinfectants such as chlorine. Results showed that at 14 minutes of ozonation, all bacteria and amoeba were completely destroyed.

Pathogen Resistance of Crops – This is a technical report by a university using oxygen diffusion that shows the improved productivity and pathogen resistance of greenhouse crops by nutrient solution oxygenation. (Coming Soon)

 Texas A&M Study on Bentgrass Greens & Ozonated Water – This study shows an increase in grass biomass when irrigated by ozonated water. (Coming Soon)